Information about migraine: 10 things you need to know about Migraine


The first time I heard about migraine, the first thing that came to my mind was: What is Migraine? I am suffering from migraine since I was 12 years old. And back then I didn't know about migraine. So it was not until I was 17, that I found out the periodic headaches I get is actually a migraine.

migraine information - all you need to know to migraine


So, what is a migraine? 

Migraine is a severe and painful headache accompanied by nausea and vomiting in some cases. A migraine attack not only causes headaches but also affects the whole body. Blurred vision, increased sensitivity towards light and sound, no willingness to eat, headache on either side of the head are some of its common symptoms. It is more of a complete neurological condition.

Migraine attacks are periodic in nature. Meaning, if you have a migraine problem, most probably you will be getting a migraine attack in every three to six months, In my cases, it is three months. So in Every three months, I prepare myself for the coming migraine attack.

Lady suffering from migraine



What are the common symptoms of  Migraine?

The common symptom of migraine severe headache, but there are a few symptoms you should check for if you get period headaches. Follow are the common symptoms of Migraine:

Intense one-sided headaches

Migraine attacks cause severe one-sided headaches. Instead of the complete head, you will feel pain in either side of your head. Most of the time the common region of headache is left and right area, above eyeball socket. 

Sometimes the headache occurs on the side forehead as well.

Nausea and Vomiting

 The severe headache can be preceded or followed by nausea and vomiting. Even if you haven't eaten anything since morning, you would feel like vomiting

Visual disturbances

This one of the common symptoms of an upcoming migraine attack. You will see a zig-zag pattern, blurry continuously shaking dots etc. The patterns and dots move as you move your eyeballs.

Zig-zag pattern is very common in my case. Whenever I see such a pattern, I know it's going to be a tough day ahead.

Increased sensitivity towards light and sound

During the migraine attack, even the daylight seems to increase your trouble. You become completely sensitive towards sound and ringtone of your phone seems to trouble you. 

Other symptoms
Dizziness, fever, temporary partial paralysis, periodic throbbing are some other symptoms of Migraine.

migraine in men


Types of Migraines


There are many types of migraines. But the two most common migraines are:

- Migraine with aura

It is also called Classic migraine. 25% of all the people who have migraines have this particular type of migraine.

Visual problems, difficulty in breathing, Unconsciousness,  Zig-zig patterns, are some of the symptoms of migraine with aura.

I suffer from migraine with aura. Most of the time before an attack, I see zig-zag moving patterns and that really adds up to the trouble.

- Migraine without aura
This is the most common types of migraine. You won't feel any kind of aura or visual disturbance in this case. Rather, the intensity of the headache gradually increases when passing time.

  • One-sided or unilateral headache
  • Continuous throbbing on either side of the head
  • Pain increases upon moving

Chronic Migraine
People suffering from chronic migraine have migraine attacks for more than 10 days a month. Hypertension, depression is the main cause of chronic migraines.

Menstrual migraine

This migraine type is associated with the mensuration cycle. Nearly 60% of all the women who are affected by migraine complain about it during menstruation. Migraine can be with or without aura. Also, the migraine attack may occur before, during or after the mensuration.

Abdominal Migraine

Migraine attack followed by stomachache is called abdominal migraine. Sometimes a person may just have a stomachache and no headache. It may lead to the irregular functioning of guts and stomach.

Hemiplegic migraine

Temporary paralysis and weakness on either side of the body is a symptom of  Hemiplegic migraine.

Duration of headaches
The duration of a migraine attack may be anywhere between 4 to 72 hours. In most of the cases, a migraine attack lasts up to 12 hours.

Treatment of Migraines

There is no medicine or treatment that can cure migraine completely.

Though, migraine medication can help you slow down the attack impact and get some relief These treatments prevent the future attack or reduce the frequency of occurrences.

Basically, there are two types of medication approach for migraine
1. Preventive- As the name suggests, these types of medication are taken to prevent the migraine attacks. Preventive treatments also help to reduce the number of frequency of occurrences.
2. Pain relieving- This type of medication is taken during the migraine attack the lower the impact. Medicines like Asprine and ibuprofen can relieve you from throbbing headaches.

I always suggest you consult a doctor before taking any medicines or drugs. consumption of non-prescribed drugs may lead to some serious side effects.


How to prevent migraines

Here are some preventive methods that I use to avoid migraines
- Take proper sleep: Lack of sleep often leads to migraine attacks. Your body and mind need proper rest
- Exercises
- Drink a lot of water
- Avoid habits that are likely to invite migraine
- wear spectacles

migraine in women | women suffering from women

What to do during migraine

- Migraine causes severe headache. If you get an indication of getting a migraine attack, get your self-pain relief balms.

- Isolate yourself from loud sounds and lights.
- Take rest
- Stay in a room which doesn't have too much light. 
- As long as the attack continuous, It is better to isolate yourself from people.
- Drink warm water, you will feel better.
- If you feel like vomiting, do vomit. It will make you feel relieved.
Take as much rest as you can

Stages of a Migraine attack

Following are the patterns of a migraine attack.

Warning stage: fever, mood swing, tiredness are the initial stage of an attack


Aura stage: Aura is one of the main symptoms of a migraine attack. It starts about 2 to 3 hours before the actual migraine attack. Sensitivity towards light and sound, visual patterns and other-other symptoms follow.

The main attack: Sever unilateral headache with nausea and vomiting. Visual disturbances may continue in some cases. This stage lasts anywhere between 4 to 72 hours.

Resolution and recovery: The headache gradually come to an end. But you may still feel the pain if you move your head. Visual disturbances come to an end and you slowly feel strong. 
Complete recovery may take more than 10 hours and even a day or more in some cases. 
It is better to take some good rest until you complete recovery from the attack.

Conclusion

Those were some information about migraine that I wanted to share with you all. I hope that the above information was helpful to you.
If you have any question regarding migraine, please do ask in the comment section.



   

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